Dec 282020

Hurricane vs Spitfire: What is a Fighter? | Forums. 1958. Debunking the myth: the rise and fall of the Zero By Fred Lane, (This article was first published in NOCN 84, 1 March 2011.). The strength of a hurricane is measured from 1 to 5 on a scale. The A6M Zero was great since conquering 12 million square miles of territory couldn’t have been done without it. I believe the beating left Horikoshi hospitalized It could make a respectable 288 knots at 15,000 feet and climb to 20,000 feet in seven and a half minutes. Pen and Sword Maritime: Barnsley. They eased the upside-down Zero onto a skid, dragged it out with a tractor and righted it back in Dutch Harbor. 15,000ft; Hurricane can out-perform Zero above 15 - 20,000 ft in all parameters, speed, rate of climb, acceleration. This might well suggest an impossibly large and unresolvable discrepancy, but all agree that, in this action: a. the Zeros initially were outnumbered more than 2:1; b. (The G-36 Martlet was one export version, FM-1 and FM-2 were F4Fs built by eastern Aircraft.). This is alongside the Japanese Zero, Soviet Yak-3, North American P-51, German Bf.109 and the French Caudron C.714. Unfortunately, Rearden seems to have failed to resolve which specific parts were not genuine. Penguin Group: New York. They were met by a mixed bag of about 60 RAF and RN aircraft. Random House: New York, 1961. The Akutan Zero’s secrets were revealed only after a remarkable series of events. Handel, M. I. Many claim that all 27 Chinese fighters were destroyed, without a Zero lost, but this possibly includes a Polikarpov pair that crashed into a mountain during an evasive manoeuvre and unspecified others whose pilots might have bailed out without being hit (e.g., Okumiya et al, 1957 p.14). As he tells and can continue to recount it since he is still alive. It loses momentum after landfall because the required moisture is not available on the land. The Japanese nominated Akutan Island, 25 miles east of Dutch Harbor, as an emergency landing site and had a SAR submarine standing by. P-47 vs Zero a6m-zero. Offline I am constantly getting my @rse handed to me flying the Hurri IIc against the Zero in the Singapore (RAAF) campaign. Designed by Jiro Horikoshi, the Japanese Navy’s Mitsubishi A6M2 Type 0 Model 21 was the definitive WW II Japanese fighter. 2005. His wheels dug in and he somersaulted as he touched down. He force-landed on the nearest piece of dirt, Melville Island. One of the more highly trumpeted intelligence finds in WW II was a near-new Mitsubishi Zero A6M2 Type 0 Model 21 (serial number 4593) that crashed during its first operational flight on 4 June 1942. “Thach weaves” and other gimmicks were sometimes credited with defeating the Zero, but nothing seems to have been more effective than the simple old WW I tactic of staying in battle formation and gaining a potential energy advantage in the form of a height/speed edge over the enemy. The aircraft engineers found a 19 February 1942 manufacturing date stamp confirming the machine was a valuable late A6M2 Model 21. Discuss the game between the No. Whether the Zeros destroyed only 13 or all 27 Chinese fighters in the Chongqing battle might be of little import, compared with the huge strategic victory that left the Zeros masters of the China sky. Learn more about how you can help keep children safe today! He described it as nothing to be happy about, we were at war but this poor guy was trying to surrender and little more than a kid. However, a well flown Hurricane would be unpursuable by a Zero given that the Zero sucks balls diving and rolling at speed, AND the Hurricane more likely than not will outclimb it as well. If this email address is not valid, or you no longer have access to it, you can update your account details at or visit to open a support ticket. 47-48). The Zero had excellent roll control below 200 knots, right down to the stall, but the large servo-tab ailerons became progressively sluggish and almost impossibly heavy above 250 knots. 2007. The resulting lack of numbers and experience led almost directly to debacles such as the 19-20 June 1944 Great Marianas Turkey Shoot, when the Japanese lost 400 or so aircraft to USN carrier fighters, and the employment of four almost empty aircraft carriers as sacrificial bait to lure ADML Halsey’s strong Third Fleet away from San Bernadino Strait a few days later (Morison, 2001; Okumiya et al, 1957 pp. The scale places the storms into one of five categories. Was the Akutan Island Zero the first flyable A6M2 to be captured? Technical Aviation Brief #3, Performance and characteristics trials, Japanese fighter, Aviation Intelligence Branch, Navy Department (4 Nov. 1942). The basic design never changed, but later production runs incorporated modifications such as wingtip folding, more powerful engines and stronger bomb racks. In order to be more efficient in your search, in what forum do you want to search ? Mitsubishi constructed 3879, Nakajima built 6215 and other firms manufactured 844 trainer and floatplane variants (Okumiya et al, 1957 p. 350). The twin-row 14-cylinder engine was a close relative of the widely-licensed French Gnome-Rhone Mistral Major. Six .5 inch guns with 400 rpg or2 x 20 mm cannon with 225 rpg and 4 x .5 inch guns with 400 rpg. What is clear is that the investigation of the Akutan Zero, if nothing else, destroyed the Zero’s aura of invincibility. Their water injected alternative failed to be produced if I’m not mistaken (A6M6). No less than 27 British aircraft were claimed by the Zeros in this sortie, including 15 Hawker Hurricanes and four Fairey Fulmars, for the loss of just one Zero (Okumiya et al, 1957 pp. 3.0 out of 5 stars Should have called it "Hurricane, Lightning, & Zero". Invention and technology magazine. It seems incredible that the capacity to train pilots of high quality would remain so inadequate once the Pacific war started. These were flown chiefly from NAS North Island CA and NAS Anacostia/Bolling AFB, Washington, DC. Engine spares presented little problem. On the other hand, although aircraft claims can be easily exaggerated (e.g., Ford, 2007 Preface ix-xiii), a small number of authors claim that “actual Chinese losses were 13 planes” (e.g., Ford, 2007 p. 28). Once more, the Zero and Japanese naval pilots demonstrated their overwhelming superiority over both RAF Hurricanes and RAF pilots, despite their impeccable Battle of Britain credentials. A hurricane is tropical cyclone that is characterized by thunderstorms, strong winds and heavy rains. Firstly, the Aleutians are noted for poor flying weather. Except for Nationalist China’s Polikarpov I-16, the Zero’s two 20 mm cannon and two 7.7 mm machine guns out-gunned every other fighter in the Pacific Theatre. And the argument was not always confined to the officers mess. Brilliant decryption and misinformation intelligence work, chiefly by the USN’s CMDR Joseph Rochefort in Hawaii and Australian CMDR Eric Nave in Melbourne and Brisbane, allowed ADML Nimitz to ignore the Aleutian feint and instead concentrate on the Midway-bound thrust (Smith, 2007 pp. Royal Australian Navy, 1942-45 (1st Edition). 41-46). M62R Shvetsov 9-cylinder radial, 1000 HP. In hindsight it seems inconceivable. Power to weight ratio wise, and in turns of turning ability, the Zero has a very clear edge over the Hurricane. Two 7.62 mm guns and two 20 mm cannon with 120 rpg. The Armstrong Whitworth Whitley Mk V, a twin-engined bomber introduced to the RAF in 1939, had a range of only 1,430 nm (Angelucci, p. 262). Loomis, R.D. 97-102). Smith, P.C. CAPTCHA Code * Recent Posts. Verifying your email address also improves the security of your Ubisoft account, helps us provide you better support, and ensures you don't miss out on exclusive content, newsletters, and other special offers. Perhaps as befits such a famous icon, the history of the Japanese Zero brings with it almost as many controversies and myths as agreed facts. Gill, G.H. The Akutan Zero was not the first of its type to have been captured. In fact, the Akutan Zero appeared far too late for any major weight-saving or other influence on these aircraft designs. Thruelsen, R. The Grumman story. War, strategy, and intelligence. If it was restored in NAS North Island to a “better-than-new” condition, then the derived test data might carry a positive bias. 1995. F4U vs Zero a6m-zero. Though more advanced than the RAF's existing types, the new Hawker Hurricane incorporated many tried and true construction techniques. Powerplant: Nakajima NK Sakae 12, (Mistral copy, built under licence from Gnome-Rhone) 14 cylinders air cooled radial, 940 hp, driving a three-bladed variable pitch Sumitomo propeller. The Spitfire, Hurricane, and Fw-190, with their “vertical” landing gear and heavier structures, fared much better. They looked forward to the USN Pacific Fleet intervening (Fuchida and Okumiya, 1958 pp. (Please excuse my sarcasm) Tactics of Japanese "Tony" Type Fighter 1. McGraw-Hill: New York. View photographs of the Miami Hurricanes game against North Carolina on Saturday featuring their new 'Miami Nights 2.0' uniforms. These required the cockpit to be moved 32 inches (81 cm) aft and the fuel tanks re-positioned. In order to create threads, posts, and interact with the Ubisoft forums you need to have a Ubisoft account with a verified email address. 266-282). P-39 vs Zero Prev Next . Chief among these was the use of a fuselage built from high-tensile steel tubes. Tillmann, B. While the Akutan Zero might have helped to modify and confirm certain fighter tactics, all the major structural F4UCorsair and F6F Hellcat design decisions had been made long before that Zero rolled out of its Mitsubishi factory in February 1942. If attacked by a Zero, the pilot should evade by diving steeply at full power and rolling right (Loomis, 1961 pp. What was Japan thinking? Midway: The battle that doomed Japan. At dawn we slept: The untold story of Pearl Harbor. Manual wing tip folding was introduced on later versions. After the ‘turkey shoot’ disaster the engineers were vindicated but it was too late. 328-329). Is that it? The game will be played at Wallace Wade Stadium in … 19 Miami (8-2, 7-2 ACC, No. Zero: the story of the Japanese navy air force 1937-1945. The A6M3 Type O Model 32, introduced in April 1942, had an 1130 hp Sakai 21 engine with a two-speed supercharger, but only 343 were built. A hurricane is a type of tropical cyclonewith sustained winds that exceed 74 mph and accompanied by rain, thunder and lightning. When they met “proper” pilots in “proper” aircraft, would they not get their comeuppance? LCDR Eddie R. Sanders USN flew the Akutan Zero for the first time in American colours on 20 September 1942. Light up the grills, open the cooler and get ready for Hurricanes Gameday! They gained a reputation as superb dogfighting machines. Similarly, if the somersault and subsequent rough handling was sufficient to warp the airframe or severely damage the engine, then the test data might under-value the production aircraft’s true potential. Grumman F6F Hellcat (10.24 x 13.06 x 3.99), weight 9238-12598 lb (4199-5726 kg). He said no one could understand him but he will never forget his eyes. Frank Cass: London, 1989. It ended the war ignominiously, as a kamikaze vehicle. Armament: Two x 20 mm cannon (60 rpg), 2 x 7.7 mm machine guns (500 rpg), 264 lb (120 kg) bombs, or one fixed 551 pounds (250 kg) bomb in the kamikaze mode. Hurricane vs Zero/Oscar tactics. He died taking a leading role in the 1944 Cowra POW camp breakout attempt. As early as August 1940, Zeros routinely flew combat round trips of 1000 miles or more, deep into China. There were some less than well-informed claims that these Zero evaluation trials were responsible for massive design changes in those Pacific Ocean scourges, the Vought F4U Corsair and the Grumman F6F Hellcat (Okumiya et al, 1957 p.179). Harper Collins: Smithsonian Books, 2007. Live Updates: Miami vs. Duke F: Hurricanes 48, Blue Devils 0 - David Lake. The pilot was uninjured, but only a small number of instruments and other odd pieces are known to remain. By 1942 these lightly damaged Zeros were being rebuilt into one machine (serial number 3372). 2; Gill, 1968 p. 22). Any help would be much appreciated. Find information on UNICEF’s humanitarian aid efforts for children in crisis. F-35 Lightning II vs Chengdu J-10; Given the Luftwaffe’s… The Russian-built Polikarpov I-16 first flew in December 1933, the first monoplane fighter with retractable undercarriage, dimensions 9.2 x 6.1 x 2.6m, weight 3110-4034 lb (1414-1834 kg). No less than 27 British aircraft were claimed by the Zeros in this sortie, including 15 Hawker Hurricanes and four Fairey Fulmars, for the loss of just one Zero (Okumiya et al, 1957 pp. Six x 5 inch RP, or 4000 lb bombs/Mk 13 torpedo. F8F vs Zero a6m-zero. What was this valuable new Zero doing in Alaska’s Aleutian chain in June 1942? His story differs somewhat from the above story. For instance, when 27 Chinese fighters challenged 13 Zeros in September 1940, did the Zeros destroy all 27 without loss? More Zeros were produced than any other Japanese WW II aircraft. Did American aircraft engineers quickly apply novel design features discovered in the Akutan Zero? Its pilot, 19 years-old Petty Officer Tadayoshi Koga, died attempting a precautionary landing on a nearby island. Regarding speed, the Zero was certainly fast and nimble, but it had flaws. University of Illinois Press: Champaign. c. the disaster caused the Chinese to order cessation of all aerial combat. Froggy Frog 9000 16,527 views. Hurricane Irma was an extremely powerful Cape Verde hurricane that caused widespread destruction across its path in September 2017. Okumiya, M., J. Horikoshi and M. Caidin. Also unresolved is the relatively minor issue of whether all propeller blades were beaten back into shape, or if one propeller blade or even an entirely new Hamilton Standard three-bladed propeller was substituted in the Akutan Zero at NAS North Island.

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